Copyright Notice

All the content on this website is provided under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) licence.

Third party copyright

We have made all reasonable efforts to:

  • clearly label material where the copyright is owned by a third party
  • ensure that the copyright owner has consented to this material being presented on this website.

However, if you found some materials in this web is violating any copyright issues, please “Contact Us” as soon as possible. We will remove those materials as soon as possible.

Permission may need to be obtained from third parties to re-use their material.



The CC BY licence is a standard form licence agreement that allows you to copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format, as well as remix, transform, and build upon the material, on the condition that you provide a link to the licence, you indicate if changes were made, and you attribute the material as follows:

What you cannot do

We do not permit you to display pages from this website within frames on another website OR copying the content without proper acknowledgement.

Further information on the use of our website and the material it contains can be found in our website Disclaimer notice.

Contact us if you have any inquiries about this licence.


We assume no responsibility for your use of this website

We monitor the quality of the information available on this website and update the information regularly. However, The owner(s) and employees, do not guarantee, and accept no legal liability whatsoever arising from or connected to, the accuracy, reliability, currency or completeness of any material contained on this web site or on any linked site.

We recommend you exercise your own skill and care with respect to the use of this website and that you carefully evaluate the accuracy, currency, completeness and relevance of the material on the web site for your purposes.

This website is not a substitute for independent professional advice and you should obtain any appropriate professional advice relevant to your particular circumstances.

The material on this website may include the views or recommendations of third parties, which do not necessarily reflect the views of IP Indonesia, or indicate our commitment to a particular course of action.

About the content of our website

We do our best to provide you with information that we think is relevant to your needs. The content on this website, however, may not be complete, up-to-date or current in all cases, and not all topics are covered.

If you have a suggestion or a question, contact us.

We provide information, not advice

This website provides general information only. It is designed to assist you to gain a basic understanding of Science and Technology principles. It is not intended to provide legal, business, or other professional advice.

Get professional advice

Do not use information in this website as a substitute for professional advice. Seek professional advice before you take any commercial decisions or steps.

The laws are varied in many countries Consult an appropriate professional if foreign laws may affect you.

We make no statements of the law

Unless specific provisions of legislation are quoted, we do not make statements of the law in relation to any matter. The comments contained in this website  are brief/summaries that may not be comprehensive or complete.

If you wish to know, you should go to qualified professional.

The technical terms we use

Many of the terms used on this website have technical or special meanings and some of the information may be affected by the laws of other countries.

You should seek independent legal, business or other professional advice relevant to your particular circumstances before relying, acting or omitting to act on any information contained in this website.

Links to other sites

Links to other sites are provided in good faith and for users’ convenience only, and no assurances are given as to the quality, accuracy, or relevance of material on such sites. Such links do not constitute endorsement or recommendation of any material on those sites, or any associated organisation, product or service.

Security of our websites

Our internal network and databases are protected from unauthorised access using a range of security controls including firewall, intrusion detection and other protection technologies. However, users should be aware that the World Wide Web is an insecure public network that gives rise to a potential risk that a user’s transactions are being viewed, intercepted or modified by third parties or that files which the user downloads may contain computer viruses, disabling codes, worms or other devices or defects. accepts no liability for any interference with or damage to a user’s computer system, software or data occurring in connection with or relating to this website or its use. You are encouraged to take appropriate and adequate precautions to ensure that whatever is selected from this site is free of viruses or other contamination that may interfere with or damage your computer system, software or data.

The user assumes all risks associated with the use of this website including, but not limited to:

  • risk of the user’s computer, software or date being damaged by any virus, however described, which might be transmitted or activated via the website or your access to it; or
  • risk that the material on this website and material on linked websites may not comply with the laws, regulations, rules and other such legislative instruments in force in your country or any other country.
  • risk that the material may not be accurate, current or complete.

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